2018年6月英语四级第一套卷真题及答案,2018年6月

2019-11-28 08:27 来源:未知

  2018年上六个月全国大学斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic卡塔尔语四六级考试于三月一日实行,今日头条引导24钟头全程关怀,为你带给第一手四六级考试资源音讯。以下为土耳其共和国(The Republic of Turkey卡塔尔语四级阅读精解:

  Section C

  二〇一八年上三个月全国大学立陶宛语四六级考试于五月二日拓宽,新浪引导24钟头全程关切,为您带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为一些藏语四级阅读真题:

  Passage One

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  Section A

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  Passage One

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  Since the 1940s,southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  A) assisted I) inhabitants

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  B) collaborating J) innovation

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  C) consequence K) intended

  And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。

  D) consumers L) outdoor

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  E) creating M) pollutants

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  F) detail N) restricted

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  G) domestic O) sum

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  H) frequently

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  Section C(第一套)

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  Passage One

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic。 There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  46。 A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  题干关键词为memory slips,slip意思为小错误,可牢固到原来的小说第后生可畏段第二句和第三句。结合题干和原来的文章可以知道,回想的小错误不要全都是愚昧的症状,而可能是出于年纪大。题干中symptoms意为症状和原来的书文中的signs为相似替换。

  46.A Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  47.C) Communication within our brain weakens

  解析:找到关键词 memory slips。对应到文章第风度翩翩段But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。结合题干和最早的小说可以知道,回忆的小错误不要全部都是脑蛛网膜炎的症状,而大概是由于年龄大。symptoms和signs为同生机勃勃替换。顾答案接纳A。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  题干意思为随着年龄增大,将会发出什么变动。依据出题顺序,第二段还未有涉嫌变化,第三段第三句有changes,意思为,脑部细胞的扭转会影响大脑不一致区域间的维系。此和C选项为同后生可畏替换,C选项题干意思为大脑内部的联络会减弱。

  47。 C Communication within our brain weakens。

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  48。 A)Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines

  深入深入分析:根据各类原则对应小说定位句是Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 答案与定点句同义,顾答案C。

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  题干意思为哪部分症状应该被认真对待。关键词为symptoms和take seriously。第四段有far more concerning,意为严正关心,可见答案在第五段。本段列举了五个例证,三个是忘记了风华正茂部分通常的事物例如烤箱的操作,贰个是忘记了何等开车去老友家。题干A意思为完全忘记了什么去操作日常的生龙活虎部分例行差事。相符例子的表征。因而选A。

  48。 A Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  49.A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve

  拆解解析:题干关键词,memory-related symptom以至take seriously。定位到But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。关键点在far more concerning故答案采纳A。

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  题干意思为,当严重的记得退化现身的时候,应该做什么样?可牢固到第6段末了一句“defense against memory …by building up your brain’s cognitive reserve。”相符A选项描述。

  49。 A Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  50。 D) Staying active both physically and mentally

  深入分析:题干关键词为signs of memory loss。定位到尾数第二段率先句话Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认识的卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎ reserve, Daffner says。故答案为A。

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  据advice可定位到最生机勃勃段。根据最后两句话可以看到既有头脑的也许有体力的提出。契合D选项的叙说。

  50。 D Staying active both physically and mentally。

  B) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  来源:新东方

  拆解解析:题干关键词Dr Daffner’s advice ,memory loss。定位到小说最终一句。Dr Daffner’s adviceIn other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  作者:地拉那新东方陈树通先生

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  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  Section C(第二套)

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